Power Train Generic Code


What does the P0014 “B” Camshaft Position – Timing Over-Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1) mean?

The P0014 code indicates that the ECM has detected that the camshaft timing for Bank 1, specifically the exhaust camshaft, is over-advanced.

When the P0014 Triggers?

The camshaft position sensor measures the position of the camshaft and sends this signal to the ECU. The ECU then sends a pulse command to the Variable Valve Timing (VVT) solenoid to advance or delay the cam position based on the engine load and speed. The VVT solenoid adjusts the cam phaser accordingly.

In the case of V6 or V8 engines, there are two camshafts: Bank 1 and Bank 2. For Dual Overhead Camshaft (DOHC) engines, there are two camshafts per bank: intake and exhaust.

image of a v type engine to show bank 1 and bank 2 camshaft. Each bank has Intake "A" and exhaust "B"

When the ECU detects that the Bank 1 exhaust camshaft position is over-advanced compared to the targeted cam angle, it triggers the P0014 code.

infographic of P0014: "B" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1)

What are the Symptoms of P0014 code?

The common symptoms of the P0014 code include:

  1. Check Engine Light: The check engine light comes on if there are any active trouble codes related to EMS.
  2. Poor engine performance: Problems in the engine timing system can lead to incorrect injection timing and ignition timing. This can manifest as Rough idle, Hesitation, Reduced power, Sluggish acceleration.
  3. Decreased Fuel Efficiency: Wrong valve opening and closing due to P0011 lead to incomplete combustion of fuel, which leads to poor fuel economy.

What causes the P0014 code?

Causes of the P0014 code can vary and include the following:

  1. Bad Camshaft Position Sensor: Due to the malfunction of the camshaft position sensor, the ECU may detect an engine timing error, which may trigger P0014 and other OBD-II codes related to camshaft position sensors along with symptoms of a bad camshaft position sensor.
  2. Bad VVT solenoid: Due to bad VVT solenoid the camshaft position advance and delay may not work properly. Which may trigger P0014 and other OBD-II codes related to VVT solenoid along with symptoms of a bad VVT solenoid.

How to Diagnose & Fix the P0014 Code?

Diagnosing the P0014 code requires specialized diagnostic tools and equipment. However, here are some methods you can use yourself to diagnose and potentially fix the issue:

  1. Check for Other Codes:
    • Diagnose: Look for any additional diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) that may be present. These could provide clues about related issues contributing to the P0014 code.
    • Fix: Address any other codes that are present, as resolving these may also resolve the P0014 code.

      Look up detailed information about each code. We have a comprehensive list of OBD-II codes and their meanings, along with guides on how to fix each one.
  2. Check for Electrical Wire Issues:
    • Diagnose: Inspect the electrical wiring related to the engine timing system for any signs of damage, such as frayed wires, loose connections, or corroded terminals. Check fuses and relays related to the camshaft sensor, VVT solenoid etc.
    • Fix: Replace any damaged wiring, tighten loose connections, and replace any blown fuses or faulty relays.
  3. Inspect the Timing Belt:
    • Diagnose: Visually inspect the timing belt and its associated components for any signs of damage, such as tears, cracks, or excessive wear.
    • Fix: If any physical damage or wear is found, replace the timing belt.
  4. Inspect Camshaft Position Sensors:
    • Diagnose: Use a diagnostic scanner to check the signals from the camshaft. Ensure they are working correctly and within specifications.
    • Fix: Replace any faulty sensors that are providing incorrect signals.
  5. Check for Engine Oil Condition:
    • Diagnose: Inspect the engine oil for contamination or low levels. Proper oil quality and levels are essential for the timing components to function correctly.
    • Fix: Change the engine oil and filter if it is dirty or low. Use the correct grade of oil as specified by the manufacturer..

How to Prevent the P0014 Code?

To prevent the occurrence of the P0014 code, it’s important to implement routine maintenance and take proper care of the fuel system. Here are some preventative measures:

  1. Regular Inspection and Cleaning of the Fuse Box: Regularly check the fuse box for any signs of corrosion, dirt, or damage. Clean any corrosion or buildup on the electrical connections using an appropriate cleaner. Ensure the connections are secure and free from debris that could disrupt the electrical flow.
  2. Regular Inspection of the Timing Belt/Chain: Inspect the timing belt for signs of wear, cracks, or fraying. Replace it according to the manufacturer’s recommended interval.
  3. Regular Oil Changes: Use the correct grade of oil as specified by the vehicle manufacturer. High-quality oil helps ensure that the timing components, such as the tensioner and guides, operate smoothly. Follow the recommended oil change interval.

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